M. Chugunova and D. Pelinovsky

Two-pulse solutions in the fifth-order KdV equation: rigorous theory and numerical approximations

Discrete and Continuous Dynamical Systems, Series B 8, 773-800 (2007)

We revisit existence and stability of two-pulse solutions in the fifth-order Korteweg--de Vries (KdV) equation with two new results. First, we modify the Petviashvili method of successive iterations for numerical (spectral) approximations of pulses and prove convergence of iterations in a neighborhood of two-pulse solutions. Second, we prove structural stability of embedded eigenvalues of negative Krein signature in a linearized KdV equation. Combined with stability analysis in Pontryagin spaces, this result completes the proof of spectral stability of the corresponding two-pulse solutions. Eigenvalues of the linearized problem are approximated numerically in exponentially weighted spaces where embedded eigenvalues are isolated from the continuous spectrum. Approximations of eigenvalues and full numerical simulations of the fifth-order KdV equation confirm stability of two-pulse solutions related to the minima of the effective interaction potential and instability of two-pulse solutions related to the maxima points.

Fifth-order Korteweg-de Vries equation, Solitary waves, Multi-pulse solutions, Lyapunov-Schmidt reduction methods, Petviasvhili iteration method, Embedded and isolated eigenvalues, Exponentially weighted spaces